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Arthritis - What Causes Joint Pains ?

There are more than 100 disorders that affect our joints, tendons, bones, ligaments, and muscles and there are different forms of arthritis and rheumatic diseases, which may affect the internal organs too.

Types of Arthritis Include:
  1. Osteoarthritis
  2. Rheumatoid arthritis
  3. Fibromyalgia
  4. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
  5. Gout
  6. Scleroderma
  7. Lupus
  8. Ankylosing Spondylosis
  9. Polymyalgia (Rheumatic)
  10. Infectious arthritis
  11. Inflammatory arthritis
  12. Psoriasis
  13. Psoriatic arthritis
  14. Tendinitis
  15. Polymyositis
  16. Bursitis
Causes of Arthritis

There are many causes for rheumatic diseases while some of them are genetic, due to an injury, or an infection.  Cold, flu, due to a tear on the joints, and other viruses could trigger rheumatic diseases in some individuals.  Age and gender too play a role in getting arthritis, as some of these conditions are seen more common among aged people while some are seen more commonly in women after their menopause stage. Rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, fibromyalgia, and scleroderma are more common among women, while rheumatoid arthritis is seen 2 to 3 times more in women than in men.  Gout is seen more commonly in men than women. But after menopause, women are at high risk for gout may due to the hormonal difference or genetic variations.

Diagnosis of arthritis
The most common signs and symptoms of arthritis would include:

  1. Pain in joints
  2. Swelling in joints
  3. Constant pain in the joints
  4. Difficulty moving one or more joints.
  5. The pain sometimes is associated with redness in and around the joints.
  6. Stiffness at the joints area which lasts for one hour or more upon wakening in the morning, which is known as morning stiffness.
  7. Common tests for arthritis
The most common tests for arthritis include the below:
  1. Routine blood tests
  2. Physical examination
  3. X-rays
  4. Medical history
  5. CT scans and MRI of the joints
Arthritis Treatment (Treatment for Arthritis)
The most common treatment for the arthritis includes rest, physical therapies, exercises, healthy diet, weight loss, and joint mobilizations. Other therapies would include cold therapy, braces, splints, crutches etc. Sometimes, patients need to undergo surgeries to relieve pain and joint replacements for better mobility.
The type of drugs used for arthritis depends on the condition and the severity and differs from each individual patient. These drugs can only limit the symptoms severity but cannot cure the disease. If the arthritis was caused due to an infection, then antibiotics can cure the disease. The common drugs used for arthritis would include pain killers or pain reliever taken either topically or in the form of pills. In a condition known as rheumatoid arthritis, corticosteroids are used to reduce swelling.