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What is Anxiety?

Anxiety disorder is a mental condition that leads to unnecessary anxiety over certain activities and events. Anxiety is a very common condition that often runs in families. Even children develop anxiety disorder but women are more prone to anxiety than men.

Symptoms of Anxiety Disorder

Anxiety symptoms vary from person to person and usually begin slowly. Anxiety symptoms can be either physical or psychological and are mainly characterized by unnecessary worries and tensions, which may further lead to disturbance in sleep, concentration, and every day social and work related functioning.

Symptoms of anxiety disorder is marked by constant tension or worry for small things even when there is no cause or little cause. These worries move from one problem to another like family, finances, work related, or even health.

These worries are often difficult to control and may leave the patient severely worried. This may accompany with tiredness, sleeplessness, irritability, restlessness, and lack of concentration. Physical symptoms such as headaches, palpitations, nausea, and muscle weakness may also be seen.

Causes of Anxiety

  1. The most common causes of anxiety is thought to be genetic, often runs in the families.
  2. Stress factors
  3. Some drugs such as amphetamines, LSD, and even coffee may lead to anxiety attacks.
  4. Situations like loss of job, pregnancy loss, or shifting of house may lead to anxiety.
Anxiety disorders are mainly caused due to a certain chemicals imbalance in the brain. These chemicals are actually the messengers who carry information within the brain. These messengers are called neurotransmitters.

The two neurotransmitters that are related to anxiety disorders are serotonin and noradrenaline. The misbalance of the neurotransmitters lead to mood changes. The most common problems of anxiety are low serotonin levels and high noradrenaline levels. The interruption of the GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) system in the brain is another causes of anxiety.

Anxiety symptoms related to physical health include:

This is more common in patients with panic attacks. These patients suffer from sudden bouts of chest pain, palpitation, choking, dizziness, nausea, abdominal pain, shortness of breath, sweating, trembling, hot flushes etc.
  1. Palpitations.
  2. Headaches.
  3. Nausea and diarrhea
  4. Chest tightness, sweating, breathlessness, trembling, muscles weakness.
  5. Drowsiness
  6. Pins and needles sensation
  7. Dry mouth with excessive thirst
  8. Frequent urination
  9. Painful periods
Symptoms of anxiety related to psychological symptoms may include:
  1. Difficulty concentrating.
  2. Tiredness and fatigue.
  3. Irritability.
  4. Trouble falling asleep and staying asleep.
  5. Dizziness and vertigo
  6. Restlessness and jumpiness