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Adhd - What Is Adhd ?

What is ADHD ?

ADHD in short is known as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, which includes an extensive range of behavioral symptoms such as hyperactivity, lack of concentration, attention, and inclination towards impulsive manner, sleep disturbances, and learning issues etc. However, person having ADHD does not necessarily mean having poor intelligence.

Diagnosis of ADHD in Children

ADHD in children

ADHD is usually diagnosed in children, as many of the symptoms associated with ADHD are present in many children to a modest degree. Most of the childre with ADHD are diagnosed between the ages 3 and 6. ADHD may also appear in adulthood, but the diagnosis may be difficult in adults due to the lack of age-appropriate metrics and diagnostics.

Types of ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
There are 3 types of ADHD:

Predominantly Inattentive – This includes symptoms such as lack of attention to complete the given task, follow instructions, and pay attention to small details. Distraction is very common in these patients.

Predominantly Hyperactive – Patients with this type talk more than what is necessary. They find it hard waiting for anything, which may indicate constant physical movements such as running and jumping. This impulsivity may also result in accidents and injuries.

Combination of both the above two types – These patients show mixed symptoms of both the above types of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Symptoms of ADHD

Children with ADHD are more prone to have conditions such as illnesses, several learning disabilities such as difficulty reading, writing, and spelling, stubborn nature, conduct disorders such as the tendency to cause harm to people or properties, depression, anxiety, bed-wetting, bipolar disorder etc. some children may also have Tourette syndrome characterized by repetitive actions such as twitches, eye blinks, abnormal facial gestures etc.

Children with ADHD have three times higher problems as compared to their peers who do not have ADHD. As age progresses, ADHD children are at further risk of drunken driving, accidents, and violation of traffic rules.

ADHD treatment

As of now, there is no definitive treatment available for ADHD. However, some children can be controlled and learning difficulties can be overcome using medication, psychological counseling, and social therapies.