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What Is Sperm Banking ?

What is Sperm Banking

Sperm banks are also called cryobanks. They are facilities that collect sperms from husband or a donor and are stored and frozen for the purpose of achieving pregnancy through artificial insemination. Sperm banking is primarily used for storing donor sperm. But there are cases where the sperms of husband is also stored and frozen to use it later by wife.

The husband sperm is stored and used in some circumstances explained below:

Sperm banks are useful for men with surgeries like vasectomy, cancer treatments, low sperm counts, or who work in an occupation where the environment is pollutant, and who are athletes.

Long distance or extensive travelling – When husband is into a career which requires extensive travelling, or working overseas, or in armed forces. The frozen sample that is collected from the husband can be used to achieve pregnancy in a wife by means of artificial insemination at a convenient time.  

Sperm count variables – The count and quality of the sperms changes from time to time, so it is sensible to store the “good sample” for future use. 
Male with erectile dysfunction – In this condition, the husband may not be able to collect a sperm through masturbation (manual stimulation). When wife is ready for IUI or IVF, the frozen sample comes in handy. This is because; it may be difficult for the husband to provide the sperm sample at the required time due to tension or any others.  If the frozen sample is ready, he can be relaxed and may be able to provide sperm samples without any hassle when required.

Cancer – Cancer can affect any organ in the body and therefore taking advantage of this facility of storing and freezing the sperms through sperm banks can be highly advantageous to use it later to inseminate his wife by means of artificial insemination. 

Sperm banks are used by:
  1. Single women who want to have a baby
  2. Women with infertile husband or male partner
Advantages of using sperm banks

You do not have to worry about donor having any involvement with your child and the donor will not have any legal rights of your child, as the donor donating through sperm banks will not know where his sperm is being used.

With sperm banks, the donors are tested for infections and diseases such as HIV (AIDS), Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, Cytomegalovirus (called CMV), cystic fibrosis, HTLV-1 and HTLV-2, and genetic tests.

Disadvantages of using sperm banks

You will not get sufficient information about the donor i.e., facial characters, personality like height, weight, eye color, and body color, mental capacity, behavior etc.

The records of the donor’s family and medical history are not available.

A study that matches the physical traits of your husband and the donor may not be performed.

Articles you may be interested in:

Causes for male infertility

Causes for female infertility

Treatments for male infertility

Fertility treatment options for female

Possible complications of infertility treatments

Surgical Treatment For Female Infertility

Fertility Drugs/medicines

IUI (intrauterine Insemination)

In Vitro Fertilization (ivf)

Third Party Assistance (donors Sper, Donors Egg, Surrogacy)