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Gift And Possible Complications Of Infertility Treatments

Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT)

This is one of the simple assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) technique invented in 1980’s to achieve pregnancy in couples despite having normal fallopian tubes and good sperm. The success rate of GIFT is slightly higher in compared with IVF. GIFT can be performed only if the woman has a normal fallopian tubes and a man with adequate sperm.  In such cases where the fallopian tubes are abnormal, IVF is mandatory. The egg and sperm are washed and placed together into the woman’s fallopian tubes directly via the catheter where the sperm fertilizes with an egg naturally inside the woman’s fallopian tubes and not outside the body in a dish like IVF.

Possible complications of infertility treatments

Multiple pregnancies

Multiple pregnancies are more common in some infertility treatments including medication treatment.  For example with medicine like clomid, the ovaries may be more stimulated, which may result in the release of more than one egg and more than one egg may be fertilized. In Assisted treatments, more than one embryo is put into the woman's uterus (womb) therefore the chances of developing more than one pregnancy is possible.

Some people feel happy about having twins or more but this may carry an increased risk of blood pressure, diabetes, going into a premature labor, or having a small baby.

Pregnancy in the Fallopian tube

An ectopic pregnancy (Pregnancy develops in the Fallopian tube) is little likely in a woman who is undergoing fertility treatment due to a problem with the Fallopian tubes.

Over-stimulation of the ovaries

The medicines such as gonadotrophin can over-stimulate the ovaries, which may lead to a condition called ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. In this case, the ovaries swell due to a number of cysts that develop on the ovaries.

Symptoms may include abdominal pain, swelling in the abdomen, feeling nausea and vomiting. This can be treated easily and most of the time does not lead to any major problems, but sometimes this can be more serious and lead to liver, kidney, breathing problems, or thrombosis (a blood clot in an artery or vein).

Close monitoring with an ultrasound is required when women are given medicines to stimulate the eggs by the ovaries. This can help reducing the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation and multiple pregnancies.


Going through infertility treatment, investigations, permissions from office and leaves, and waiting can be a very frustrating and stressful and can put you a strain on your relationships.

Articles you may be interested in:

Causes for male infertility

Causes for female infertility

Treatments for male infertility

Fertility treatment options for female

Possible complications of infertility treatments

Sperm banking

Surgical Treatment For Female Infertility

Fertility Drugs/medicines

IUI (intrauterine Insemination)

In Vitro Fertilization (ivf)

Third Party Assistance (donors Sper, Donors Egg, Surrogacy)