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Third Party Assistance (donors Sper, Donors Egg, Surrogacy)

Couples who do not get pregnancy with the above infertility treatments may opt for a third party assisted ART method to have a baby.  The Third Party Assistance consists of the below:


Couples can use donors sperm when a man completely lacks sperm or have very low number of sperms, or if he has a genetic disease like chromosomal abnormalities. Donors sperm can be arranged through sperm banks or from their acquaintance. The sperm donor will be screened and the sperm is quarantined. A woman without any infertility problems other than sperm can opt for IUI around the time of ovulation. Donor sperm can be used either with intrauterine insemination (IUI) or with IVF (In vitro Fertilization).

The donor sperm should be screened for two important factors:

Screening for infectious diseases:  Such as HIV, Hepatitis and Cytomegalovirus, all of which requires sperm donors to be screened and tested for infectious disease prior to donation. The sperm is then holding back in quarantine for six months. The sperm donor then has to re test in another 6 months to be certain enough that no new disease has occurred since the time of donation.

Screening for genetic diseases: Sperm donors should be screened for genetic illness based on the family. Careful screening can minimize the risk of a genetic abnormality to the child.

It is equally important to check for the quality of the sperm.  The only way is to have the sample fully tested and evaluated by a physician and a scientist at a qualified sperm banks.

A semen analysis test tells the doctor about the number of sperms in semen, whether they are normal in shape and size, and how well they are moving. The chances of a successful pregnancy are relatively low without an enough number of healthy sperm sample. 

Many donors are refused as they fail the testing for infectious disease screening or the genetic disease screening and or an enough number of normal sperm. It is highly recommended that the sperm be used under the guidance of fertility clinics or specialists for treatment to prevent the risk.


Egg donation is a process used when a woman cannot produce healthy eggs due to a decreased ovarian function, which can occur at any age but is more common in women above the age of 30 and 40. An egg donor undergoes egg retrieval steps and ovary stimulation of IVF. The donated egg can then be fertilized with sperm from her husband or donors sperm. The resulting embryo then is placed into the woman's womb (uterus).

Egg donation is particularly useful for women who:
  • Are infertile due to poor egg quality
  • Earlier had chemo or radiation therapy
  • Were born without ovaries
  • Have primary ovary insufficiency (POI)
  • Earlier had surgical removal of the ovaries
  • Carry known genetic diseases


Surrogacy (womb renting) is a solution for infertility that is performed when a woman is unable to carry her pregnancy to term.

There are 2 types of surrogacy – traditional surrogacy and gestational surrogacy.

In traditional surrogacy – A woman is artificially inseminated with sperm from male partner of the couple or an anonymous donor and carries the child to term. The resulting child is thereby related genetically to both the surrogate mother (who provides egg) and the male partner of the couple or an anonymous donor.  This traditional surrogacy is used when the female partner of the couple cannot produce healthy eggs that can be fertilized.  

In gestational surrogacy – An egg is taken out from female partner of the couple or an anonymous donor and fertilized with the sperm of the male partner of the couple or an anonymous donor. The fertilized egg or embryo is then transferred to a surrogate mother who carries the baby to term. The child is thereby genetically related to the female partner of the couple or an anonymous egg donor and male partner of the couple or an anonymous sperm donor but not the surrogate mother who carries the baby, as she is only renting her womb.

This gestational surrogacy is helpful when the female partner of the couple can produce healthy eggs but is unable to carry her pregnancy to term.

Articles you may be interested in:

Causes for male infertility

Causes for female infertility

Treatments for male infertility

Fertility treatment options for female

Possible complications of infertility treatments

Sperm banking

Surgical Treatment For Female Infertility

Fertility Drugs/medicines

IUI (intrauterine Insemination)

In Vitro Fertilization (ivf)