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In Vitro Fertilization (ivf)

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) 

This IVF procedure involves many steps that let the fertilization take place outside a woman's body. Eggs and sperm are collected from the couple and incubated together in a dish to produce one or more embryos, which is done in a laboratory. If this becomes successful, a doctor will transfer the embryo to the woman’s womb through a catheter where this may result in a successful pregnancy.

When more embryos are formed, the left over embryos are either discarded or can be frozen for further attempts of IVF. If you wish, you can donate to other infertile couples or give it for clinical research.

Your chance of success with IVF can be high if the age of a woman is under 39 with a body mass index (BMI) between 19 and 30 and who has been pregnant before.

It is recommended to try three cycles of IVF for women aged less than 40 years and one cycle is recommended for women under 40-42 years of age and who have never had IVF in the past.

The IVF procedure involves the following steps:

Egg Stimulation

This is also known as ovulation induction or ovarian stimulation. Women take injections to stimulate the ovaries for developing many mature eggs at a time. These injections are given for 8 to 14 days. Your health care provider would closely monitor the development of the eggs through a transvaginal ultrasound and blood will be drawn periodically to assess estrogen production by the ovaries.

When the eggs are matured, an hCG injection takes the initiation of ovulation process. Your health care provider will take out the eggs 34 to 36 hours after the injection.

Egg Retrieval

Egg retrieval is the procedure to remove matured eggs from the ovaries so that they can be fertilized. This is usually performed as an outpatient procedure, which takes about 20-30 minutes. Painkillers are often used during the IVF procedure.

An ultrasound probe is inserted into the vagina to see the ovaries and follicles, which contain eggs. Then a needle is inserted through the wall of the vagina to the ovaries and then suction is used to pull out the eggs from the ovaries into the needle.


Semen sample is collected from the man. When the sperms are healthy, they can straight away be placed in a dish along with the egg in an incubator leaving overnight.  Fertilization usually takes place on its own. Sometimes sperm does not fertilize the egg on its own. In this case, a single sperm is injected into an egg using a needle.

This procedure is called intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). When the sperm cannot fertilize the egg on its own, the couple should opt for genetic testing to see if the sperm have chromosomal abnormalities that might cause problems in developing the embryos. Embryos that are developed through In Vitro Fertilization are placed into the womb in 1-6 days after the retrieval.

Embryo Transfer

Embryo transfer is performed in a hospital. Your doctor will insert a long thin tube through your vagina and into the womb where the embryo is injected, which is normally painless, but some women will experience light cramping. The embryo should implant into the uterus lining 6-10 days after the retrieval.

Articles you may be interested in:

Causes for male infertility

Causes for female infertility

Treatments for male infertility

Fertility treatment options for female

Possible complications of infertility treatments

Sperm banking

Surgical Treatment For Female Infertility

Fertility Drugs/medicines

IUI (intrauterine Insemination)

Third Party Assistance (donors Sper, Donors Egg, Surrogacy)