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What Is Induced Labour And Why It Is Done ?


What is induced labor?

In some cases, your doctor might need to induce (bring about) labor. The decision to bring about (induce) labor is made when a woman is past her due date and her labor has not yet begun.

For an induction to be successful, the baby must be full term and size with the baby’s head pressing down at the mouth of the womb. If the above conditions are not met, the induction can lead to a Caesarean section.

Induction is a way of artificially stimulating the uterus into labour contractions. A pregnancy can go over up to 14 days of the due date. But most of the doctors do not like it prolong beyond 7-10 days because of the concern that the placenta gets fibrous and its efficiency to nourish the baby decreases and the level of amniotic fluids dwindles as the baby gets bigger, which may result in dry labour.

Find below some of the specific reasons why labour is induced:

  • When there is a concern about baby or mother's health, or for the sake of your convenience or your doctor’s. Your convenience could be that you need to rejoin your work on a particular date or to attend a social function. The doctor’s convenience may be a plan to attend medical meetings.
  • When a woman's water has broken (ruptured membranes) but labor has not begun on its own.
  • When there is not enough amniotic fluid.
  • When the baby is growing too slowly.
  • When there is an infection inside the uterus.
  • When there are complications such as high BP (blood pressure) or preeclampsia.  
  • When there are complications that arise when the mother's Rh factor is negative and her unborn baby's Rh factor is positive.
  • When there are health issues in the mother such as diabetes or kidney disease.
The doctor uses medicines or other methods to open a pregnant woman's cervix, stimulate contractions, and prepare for normal (vaginal) birth.

Elective labour induction

This has become very common recently. This is when labour is induced at term but for no known medical reasons. Some doctors suggest elective induction labour due to a woman’s discomfort or concern that waiting may lead to any other complications. We do not know if elective labor induction leads to higher or lower rates of C-section delivery compared to waiting for the labor to start on its own.

Doctors have ways to measure the risk of cesarean delivery, such as a woman’s age, whether this is her first pregnancy, and the condition of her cervix. Elective induction that is not before 39 weeks does not seem to affect the health of the baby.

Articles you may be interested in:

Home Induction Methods On How To Induce Labour

What Are The Early Signs Of Labor ?

What Are The Stages Of Labour ?

What Are The Pain Treatments During Labor ?

What To Expect After A Childbirth ?

Normal Delivery (Vaginal Birth)

What Is Induced Labour And Why It Is Done ?