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Iud (intrauterine Devices)

IUD or (Intrauterine Device)

What is IUD ?

IUD is a very tiny T-shaped device made of copper coil inserted into the uterine cavity by a doctor or nurse and left there for certain period for the contraception purpose. It works by stopping the egg and sperm surviving in the fallopian tubes. It can also prevent the fertilized egg implanting in the womb.  Once the IUD is placed, the couple does not need to worry about it each time they have sex. There are many IUD’s available such as Copper T, Copper-7, and the Multiload.

The IUD’s are not for the women who have no children, as it is known to cause perforation of the uterus, ectopic pregnancy, pelvic inflammation, and septic abortion.

It can be inserted after 6 weeks for normal delivery women and in 3 months for Caesarean delivery women. It protects against pregnancy straight away. It can also be inserted during a periods, but it is preferred to insert 2-3 days after the periods. It should be inserted 6 weeks after the natural abortion or medical termination of pregnancy (medical abortion). If you were less than 24 weeks of pregnant and had an abortion, an IUD can be inserted within 48 hours after the abortion.

At a Glance

IUD is inserted through the cervix into the womb. The procedure takes about 10 to 15 minutes to insert an IUD, which can be bit uncomfortable and painful sometimes. You may get slight cramps after the insertion.  Please see the doctor if you have pain in your lower abdomen, high temperature, or smelly discharge as these are the signs of an infection.

There is a chance that your body may lose the IUD without realizing it.

It is not suitable for a woman who has pelvic infections.
IUD will not protect you against sexually transmitted infections.

IUD starts working as soon as it is inserted and lasts for three to ten years depending on the type of device used.

It can be inserted anytime of your menstrual cycle as long as you are not pregnant.

IUD can be removed any time by a doctor or nurse and can go back to your normal activity immediately and can be fertile as normal.

Your period changes (that can be painful, heavier, or longer periods) are common during the first few months after the insertion of IUD, but will settle down slowly and this may not be a matter for some women. There is also a little chance of infection within twenty days of insertion.

IUD can be used by breastfeeding women and is not affected by other medications.

IUD displacement can happen immediately after it has been fitted. Though this is very rare, your doctor will explain you about it how to check your IUD in place.

If you become pregnant when the IUD is misplaced, then it should be removed as early as possible if you want to continue with that pregnancy. If you decide to go for a medical abortion, then it should be done within 12 weeks of pregnancy during which time the IUD will also be removed. There is also a risk of ectopic pregnancy if a woman becomes pregnant while using an IUD.

If the insertion of IUD does not suit you, it can be removed and re-inserted after 2-3 months, during which time you can use the oral contraceptives.