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Birth Control Pills Or Oral Contraceptives

Birth Control Pills or Oral Contraceptives

Birth control pills are known as oral contraceptives made of a combination of two hormones estrogen and progesterone that prevents pregnancy by suppressing the monthly release of egg from the ovaries. They are 100% effective if taken correctly.

The pill should not be taken by young women who have not yet reached physical maturity and by women above 35 years of age.

There are many oral contraceptives have come in the market that are highly safe and effective if taken correctly. Your doctor will be the right person to suggest you which one is good for you.

At a glance

You need to take this pill every day the same time for 21 days and then stop for seven days and start taking pill after seven days.

There is every possibility that you become pregnant if not taken regularly, vomit, or have severe diarrhea.

The combined pill is not for the women who are over 35 years of age and smoke or have medical conditions such as diabetes, liver dysfunction, kidney disease, cardiac disease, migraines, bronchial asthma, thrombophlebitis etc.

This pill may not protect a woman completely from getting STD’s.

The pill does not reduce fertility or your chances of becoming pregnant, as is believed commonly. May be the woman who is already infertile is taking it unknowingly and comes to know about it after she stops taking the pill.

The possible side effects of the pill can be feeling nausea, enlarged and tender painful breasts, change in sexual desire, mood swings, fluid retention, weight gain, fungal infection of the vagina, and light headedness.

Call the doctor if you have any of the symptoms like severe abdominal pain, severe chest pain, coughing up blood, severe headaches, blurred vision, or severe leg pains.

If you have painful or heavy periods, the combined bill eliminates it or controls it.

Oral contraception corrects the menstrual cycle to 28 days and minimizes the amount of menstrual flow. 

Some women may experience spotting or bleeding in between the menses (that is called breakthrough bleeding) which is common initially for few months of using the pill. If it lasts for more days with heavy bleeding, then you need to consult a doctor.

Oral contraception protects against pelvic inflammatory diseases and ectopic pregnancy.

The pill reduces the levels of folic acid, calcium, manganese, vitamin B6, zinc and ascorbic acid in your body. Therefore, it is a good idea to take multi-vitamins every day.

Allow 2-3 months to pass before planning for a pregnancy, so that the hormones in your body will pass out from your body by the time you conceive.

Oral contraception protects against endometrial cancer and ovarian cancer.

One should not take the pill if they have blood clot (thrombosis), high BP, heart diseases, severe migraines, gallbladder disease, liver disease, breast cancer, or diabetes.