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Tubectomy Or Female Sterilization

Tubectomy or female sterilization (surgical sterilization for female)



Surgical sterilization of the female is called tubectomy or tubal ligation. This is usually carried out under general anesthesia and may require a hospital stay for 1-2 days depending on the condition of the patient. The surgery of tubal ligation involves cutting of the fallopian tubes that carries egg from the ovary to the womb.

The other method is blocking or sealing the fallopian tubes with rings and clips (tubal occlusion). In this method, the operation can be more easily reversible. Even after the tubectomy, the eggs are still released from the ovary but they are absorbed naturally in to the body.  Before the operation, you will be given a pregnancy test to make sure you are not pregnant.


After the tubectomy

This is a very minor operation. After the tubectomy, many women return home on the same day and It is quite normal to feel unwell for a few days. Based on your general health and job, you can return to work in five days after the operation, but you should avoid heavy lifting for about a week.

You may feel some pain similar to your period’s pain or have some slight vaginal bleeding, for which you may be prescribed some painkillers. You need to seek a medical attention if this gets worse.

Some stitches are dissolvable and some disappear on their own. If your stitches need removing, you will need to see a doctor again about the same. The dressing over the wound can be normally removed on the next day of your operation.

You can have sex as soon as you feel comfortable after the tubectomy operation, but you need to use contraception until your first period to protect yourself from pregnancy.

As with any operation, there may be a risk of internal bleeding, damage, or infection to the other organs.

There is a small risk that operation can fail and the blocked tubes may rejoin immediately or later. If it fails, there is a high chance of ectopic pregnancy (fertilized egg implants in a fallopian tube that is outside the womb).

This sterilization operation is difficult to reverse if done through the cut method.

Female sterilization will not protect against sexually transmitted infections.

After the operation, your periods, intercourse, sexual desire, and menopause remain unchanged.