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What Is Contraception And The Various Contraception Methods

What is Contraception?

To better understand the term contraception, it is important to understand how pregnancy takes place.

An egg or ovum is released by one of the ovaries in the woman’s body. Pregnancy begins when it is fertilized with the sperm. The release of the ovum or egg is called ovulation. Sperm contains semi-gelatinous seminal fluid of the male ejaculation that is slightly alkaline. The sperm should gain access to the mouth of the womb within 15-20 minutes after ejaculation or they are killed by the acid medium of the vagina. The sperms rapidly swim through into the womb along the fallopian tubes. The ovum or egg is fertilized in the fallopian tubes. This journey takes approximately 45 minutes.

Sperms can survive and fertilize the ovum for approximately 2 days, sometimes can even survive for as long as 7 days. After the fertilization takes place, the ovum or egg takes 7 days to travel the length of the fallopian tube and then reach the uterus or womb.  

Women who have sex with men and do not want to get pregnant need to use contraception until the menopause (Having no periods for more than 12 months can be considered as menopause). Before the menopause, the periods can become irregular during which time the pregnancy can occur.

Different contraception methods allow you to choose whether and when you want to have a baby. There are many methods to choose from. At the same time, your choice of contraception methods may vary from time to time depending on your circumstances and life style.

No contraceptive is 100% reliable. Some are more effective than others. You need to use it correctly as per the instructions.

Male condoms are 98% effective when it is used correctly, whereas the female condoms are 95% effective when used correctly.

There are wide choices of contraception methods available that include:

1.There are two permanent methods of contraception

     Tubectomy or Female Sterilization (Surgical Sterilization for Female)

     Vasectomy or Male Sterilization (Surgical Sterilization for Male)
2. Natural Methods of Contraception

3. Condoms

4. Birth Control Pills or Oral Contraceptives

5. IUD (Intrauterine Devices)